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WikiLeaks has exposed hacking tools targeting the Mac and Linux operating systems in the latest of its series of leaks allegedly from the US Central Intelligence Agency

A Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) project called “Imperial” included three hacking tools for infiltrating the Mac and Linux operating systems, according to the latest “Vault 7” leaks.

The documents allegedly come from an isolated, high-security network inside the CIA’s Center for Cyber Intelligence in Langley, Virginia.

WikiLeaks claims that a source provided portions of an archive of the CIA’s hacking arsenal, including malware, viruses, trojans, weaponised “zero day” exploits and malware remote control systems that was circulated among former US government hackers and contractors in an unauthorised manner.

The latest documents to be leaked detail hacking tools called Achilles, Aeris and SeaPea.

According to the documents, Achilles is aimed at enabling CIA agents to “trojan an [Mac] OS X disk image (.dmg) installer with one or more desired operator specified executables for a one-time execution”.

SeaPea is designed to function as a Mac OS X rootkit for versions 10.6 and 10.7 to allow CIA agents to infiltrate a system while it reboots to carry out monitoring operations and launch tools.

SeaPea’s manual was previously released by WikiLeaks in another Vault 7 release named DarkSeaSkies, which detailed hacking tools targeting Macs and iPhones.

Aeris is described as an automated implant written in the C programming language that targets Linux distributions, including Debian, Red Hat, Solaris, FreeBSD and CentOS.

The documents claim Aeris is designed to function as a backdoor to these Linux distributions and can be used to build customised implants tailored for specific operations.

Aeris supports “automated file exfiltration, configurable beacon interval and jitter, standalone and Collide-based HTTPS LP support and SMTP protocol support – all with TLS encrypted communications with mutual authentication”, according to WikiLeaks.

WikiLeaks says the documents indicate the scope of the CIA’s global covert hacking programme, its malware arsenal and dozens of “zero day” weaponised exploits against a wide range of US and European company products.

WikiLeaks claims that since 2001, the CIA has gained political and budgetary pre-eminence over the US National Security Agency (NSA) and built its own group of hackers.

By the end of 2016, says WikiLeaks, the CIA’s hacking division had more than 5,000 registered users and had produced more than 1,000 hacking systems, trojans, viruses and other “weaponised” malware, creating, in effect, its “own NSA” but with “even less accountability”.

WikiLeaks said the source of the Vault 7 leaks suggested there were policy questions that urgently needed to be debated in public, including whether the CIA’s hacking capabilities exceed its mandated powers and the problem of public oversight of the agency.

“The source wishes to initiate a public debate about the security, creation, use, proliferation and democratic control of cyber weapons,” said WikiLeaks

http://www.computerweekly.com/news/450423537/CIA-hacking-tools-for-Mac-OS-and-Linux-exposed-by-WikiLeaks

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The UK government is set to provide significant funding to improve the state of rural broadband across Britain’s countryside.

In a fresh announcement, the Rural Development Programme for England (RDPE) has revealed that an additional £30 million will be provided to improve rural broadband in the UK.

This funding will be in the form of grants that are designed to “encourage growth” by helping internet service providers to bring speeds of 30Mbps or faster where this is not currently “available or planned”.

The money, which is part of a larger £200 million rural grant  package, is in addition to existing investment in rural broadband currently provided by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

Speaking about the news, Rural Affairs Minister Lord Gardiner said: “One in three businesses in this country are based in the countryside, and this government is committed to providing the support they need to create a strong and prosperous rural economy.”

MPU 1 (Desktop / Tablet)
He continued: “This funding will make sure businesses in remote locations can get online, help farmers install cutting-edge technology, create new tourist hotspots and bring high-quality jobs to rural communities across the country.”

MPs say state of UK broadband is ‘unacceptable’

The news comes as a group of MPs this week call for internet service providers to offer compensation to millions of broadband customers who don’t get the connection speeds they pay for.

The concerns were outlined in the Broadband 2.0 report, which was helmed by a group of MPs working on British infrastructure headed up by former Tory party chairman Grand Shapps.

In a statement, Shapps said: “Although broadband is increasingly considered to be an essential utility, the quality of customer services has simply not caught up with demand.”

He continued: “It is unacceptable that there are still no minimum standards in the UK telecoms sector to protect customers from protracted complaints procedures, and ensure that broadband providers are fully accountable to their customers.”

http://www.trustedreviews.com/news/theres-good-news-broadband-speeds-uk-countryside-3225895
93
Tech News & Reviews / Sony is raising the price of PlayStation Plus
« Last post by 1bit on 29 July 2017, 17:54:08 »
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JAPANESE ELECTRONICS FIRM Sony is going to raise the price of PlayStation Plus, probably because it is the start of the Summer holidays, and possibly because we are fast approaching the Christmas season… in a way.

PlayStation Plus is the part of the experience that lets you do things online. Such things include spending money on games and other tat, so you might think that Sony would bring the price down to encourage use. Also PlayStation Plus goes down like submarines at war time, so there is that too.

Sony is currently emailing subscribers to let them know how much more out of pocket it is making them, and The INQUIRER is waiting for its own. Ah, perhaps we should check the spam folder.

Yeah, we got it. It makes things very clear at the start. "We will alter the price of a PlayStation Plus membership at 00:01 BST on 31 August 2017. As you are an existing member, this means that all recurring subscription fees payable by you on or after 31 August 2017 will be charged at the new price.

"Up until 31 August 2017, you may purchase a PlayStation Plus subscription at the current price, which will then be added (or "stacked on") to your current membership period," it says in a blow cushioning statement.

"If you want to prevent your PlayStation®Plus membership continuing at the new price, you will need to cancel it - turn OFF "auto-renew" in your account settings at least 48 hours before your next payment on or after 31 August 2017 is due. There's some guidance on how to cancel your membership on PlayStation.com."

The price changes are not that bank-shattering fortunately, and the annual fee is going up by a tenner to £49.99, quarterly you are down a fiver with a £19.99 fee, and monthly things will increase by a pound from £5.99 to £6.99.

https://www.theinquirer.net/inquirer/news/3014734/sony-is-raising-the-price-of-playstation-plus
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Tech News & Reviews / Why Ryzen Threadripper has two extra chips
« Last post by 1bit on 29 July 2017, 13:30:49 »
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When famed overclocker der8baurer “delidded” AMD’s highly anticipated Ryzen Threadripper in a video posted on Thursday, he got a surprise and spawned a mystery: Did AMD really waste two perfectly good 8-core chips to build Threadripper?

The  mystery kicked off when der8auer, cracked open his Threadripper and found what appeared to be four 8-core dies used to make the 16-core CPU. Adding to that mystery, der8bauer said AMD confirmed that only two of the “dies” were active.


Two of the 8-core “dies” on the 16-core Ryzen Threadripper 1950x are just dummies to keep the heat spreader from bending out of shape.




So did AMD really waste two perfectly good “Zeppelin” dies? Nope.

Those other two “chips” are nothing more than spacers to help maintain the structural integrity of the gigantic heat spreader, PCWorld has learned from a source who declined to be identified.

The source didn’t detail much more, but it makes a lot of sense when you consider the size of the CPU and its construction. Rather than a single monolithic die, like Intel uses on its Core i9, AMD builds its Ryzen and Ryzen Threadripper CPUs using multiple chips connected with a high-speed fabric.

If AMD had populated a Threadripper CPU with just two of the dies, the metal heat spreader would likely bend where the empty spots are.

So no, your fantasy of somehow magically turning a 16-core Ryzen Threadripper 1950X into a 32-core won’t happen.

http://www.pcworld.com/article/3211409/computers/why-ryzen-threadripper-has-two-mysterious-chips.html
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Computers / Top 10 best Linux apps of 2017
« Last post by 1bit on 29 July 2017, 13:11:37 »

1. Synaptic

While some Linux distros like Ubuntu come with their own flashy app stores, none are as quick and easy to use as Synaptic, which simply serves as a graphical frontend for the 'apt-get' command line utility. You can install it on any Debian-based Linux distro such as Ubuntu or Linux Mint.

Browse categories of apps such as 'Games and Amusement' using the pane on the left-hand side. Click the box next to an app name to mark it for installation (or uninstallation) then click the Apply button at the top to affect your changes. All the programs covered in this feature can be installed via Synaptic.

Website: http://www.nongnu.org/synaptic


2. VLC Media Player


VLC is most commonly known for being a media player, although it does much more. When installed, it downloads codecs for virtually every kind of audio or video file, meaning you're unlikely to ever have playback issues again. The software can also play DVDs.

You can use VLC to clip video files and even convert them from one format to another – from AVI to MP4, for example. The media player client can also act as a server, allowing you to stream media from one device to another (see our guide on this here).

Website: http://www.videolan.org/vlc/index.en-GB.html


3. Mozilla Firefox


Firefox is the default web browser for a number of Linux distros such as Ubuntu and Linux Mint. The browser’s simple and fluid interface is one of its many attractions. Firefox will play YouTube videos right off the bat, and can download plugins to play other formats for you. The browser also updates itself from the get-go, meaning you always have the latest version.

Firefox supports a number of extensions to enhance your web experience, and you can customise the browser further via the Mozilla add-ons page, where it is possible to install a colourful theme.

Website: https://www.mozilla.org/en-GB/firefox/new


4. GIMP

GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a free image editor. It can be used to edit and retouch images by resizing, adding layers and other special effects. You can access these via the handy toolbox or dropdown menus. See our guide on how to use GIMP here. The GIMP website itself also has a great selection of tutorials.

If you're accustomed to Adobe Photoshop, it may take some time for you to adjust to GIMP's interface, but it can do almost everything professional image editors are capable of. You can even add certain Photoshop plugins to GIMP.

By default the program takes up less than 100MB of space, which is another considerable benefit, particularly for those short on storage.

Website: https://www.gimp.org


5. Deluge

While many Linux distributions already come with a BitTorrent client, Deluge stands out as a lightweight yet fully-featured app for downloading your files.

The interface is extremely easy to master and can be enhanced by a number of excellent community supported plugins which do things such as shut down your machine when a download completes.

You can even set up Deluge so that it can be accessed via a web interface from other devices, allowing you to download files to your home computer when you're away.

Website: http://deluge-torrent.org


6. Mozilla Thunderbird

Thunderbird is a free and powerful email client. The setup wizard guides you gently through the process of either creating a new email address or setting up your existing one. Mozilla's database contains email settings for all common providers, and you can add as many email accounts as you wish.

Like Firefox, Thunderbird can be enhanced by add-ons, such as themes to make it more colourful, or better ways to sort your Mail folders. The most useful of these is undoubtedly the Lightning extension which adds a fully functioning Calendar to the email client. We’ve got an in-depth review of Thunderbird right here.

Website: https://www.mozilla.org/en-GB/thunderbird


7. LibreOffice


LibreOffice is nothing less than a full-blown office suite, on a par with commercial alternatives like Microsoft Office. While the interface may look rather basic, this product has some extremely advanced features.

The LibreOffice word processor Writer, spreadsheet software Calc and presentation app Impress are preinstalled in Ubuntu and most of its derivatives. The suite also includes three less well-known apps – Draw, Math and Base – which are used for editing vector graphics, composing mathematical formulae and managing databases respectively.

While LibreOffice uses the ODF (Open Document Format) by default it can open and save Microsoft Office compatible files too. Read our full review of LibreOffice here.

Website: https://www.libreoffice.org


8. Pidgin

Pidgin is an instant messaging program which allows you to connect to multiple chat networks at once. At the time of writing these include AIM, Bonjour, IRC and Google Talk to name but a few. Sadly Facebook chat is no longer available since the social network dropped support for the open XMPP messaging protocol.

Pidgin can be enhanced by installing third-party plugins. Some of these allow you to connect to other chat networks such as Skype, while others can be used to protect your conversations, for example the OTR (Off the Record) messaging plugin.

Website: https://pidgin.im


9. ClamAV/ClamTk

Although Linux machines can't be affected by viruses designed to infect Windows, your PC can accidentally forward harmful files to other computers, for example in an email attachment. And these days, there are even some incidences of malware aimed at Linux systems.

The antivirus scanner ClamAV provides some peace of mind, as it can detect many types of malware. It's often used on mail servers but will run happily on your desktop system if you want to scan files or folders.

By default ClamAV can only be used from the command line, but you can use Synaptic to install 'clamtk' and 'clamtk-nautilus' to allow you to scan your system and individual files with a few clicks of your mouse.

Website: https://www.clamav.net
Website: http://clamtk.sourceforge.net/faq.html


10. Audacity

Audacity is an editing program which allows you to record and tinker with audio. Not only can Audacity record audio simultaneously from various inputs (for example, a USB microphone), it can also trim and edit clips. Furthermore, it supports multiple tracks, allowing you, for instance, to record lyrics and backing music separately.

The software also supports a number of audio effects such as noise reduction, as detailed in its extremely comprehensive manual which is both bundled with Audacity and available online. Audacity also supports VST (Virtual Studio Technology) plugins. Tracks can be exported in a number of popular sound formats such as WAV, OGG and MP3. If you want to know more about Audacity, then have a read of our full review here.

Website: http://www.audacityteam.org


source: http://www.techradar.com/news/top-10-best-linux-apps-of-2017?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+techradar%2Fallnews+%28TechRadar%3A+Tech+News+and+Reviews%29
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The big noise in wireless speakers is all about smart voice assistants right now, with the Amazon Echo, Google Home and Apple HomePod commanding a huge amount of media attention. Is there any point in buying a speaker any more that can’t answer questions, turn up the heating and tell jokes? 

Well yes, there is, and the point is sound quality. That’s something that Bose has proved itself to be expert at over the years and its new compact 360-degree speaker, the Bose SoundLink Revolve builds confidently on that; there’s even a nod to smart speakers here – just hold down the speaker’s multi-function button and it activates Siri or Google Assistant on your phone.

Bose SoundLink Revolve Review: Features and design

Otherwise, though, it’s traditional Bose fare, and while it might look like an oversized salt shaker from a distance, up close it’s a very nicely designed thing. Precision-drilled perforations surround the bottom half of the speaker, while thick rubber encases the base and top cap. It’s highly portable, measuring 152mm tall, 82mm wide at the base and weighing 660g, and it’s weather-proof, too, rated at IPX4. It’s ideal for British garden parties, then, but it isn’t swimming-pool proof.

As a straight Bluetooth speaker, the Revolve works well. It’s simple to pair and the controls on top of the speaker are intuitive, responsive and cover all the basics. You get separate buttons for adjusting volume, switching the audio source and a multi-function button that pauses or plays music when pressed once, skips forward when pressed twice and skips backward when pressed three times.

There’s no support for the AptX audio codec, which is somewhat disappointing, but you can add a second speaker to use in stereo pairing or party mode and, since it has a microphone built-in, you can use it as a speakerphone as well.   

It also possible to connect audio sources via a 3.5mm cable and, to add to the convenience of the thing, you can pick up a charging cradle for an extra £25, which tops up the battery whenever you drop the speaker onto it. If you don’t want to spend an extra £25, you’ll have to put up with charging via micro-USB.



Bose SoundLink Revolve Review: Sound quality

It’s a practical thing, but the sound quality is the selling point for this speaker. In particular, the 360-degree feature works very well indeed. I found that the music would sound pretty much the same wherever I stood in a room.

The speaker achieves this effect in a couple of different ways: via a downwards-facing full-range driver that fires soundwaves onto a dispersal plate and out into the room; and via twin, outwards-facing passive radiators that produce the bass.

There’s some other clever technology at play here as well, with a “pressure trap” employed to prevent distortion and a volume-adaptive algorithm that increases the bass at lower volume levels and decreases its prominence as it gets louder. The result is that this is the perfect speaker for background and low-level listening.


Exactly how much this all contributes to the overall sound is tricky to ascertain but one thing that is clear is that sound quality is superb. I compared it next to the wondrous Kef Muo and, while it doesn’t sound as balanced, as rich in the mid-band or as sweet at the top end as that speaker, all-round audio quality is still wonderful. The bass is surprisingly full, rounded and tight, clarity at the top-end is excellent and there’s enough volume to fill a medium-sized room.

I do have one criticism, however, and although the speaker does go loud, at top volume things get a little boomy and resonant, even with simple tracks such as Melody Gardot’s “My One and Only Thrill”. The Kef Muo maintains a much more civilised and controlled performance throughout the volume range.

Bose SoundLink Revolve Review: Verdict

The main barrier to entry here is the price. At £200, the Bose SoundLink Revolve is more expensive than an Amazon Echo and it’s pricier than Google Home.

If you want the best possible sound quality in the smallest possible package, however, it’s a fine choice, boasting sparkling sound quality and surprisingly effective 360-degree audio.

If you’re willing to pay £200 for a Bluetooth speaker, it’s worth it.

http://www.alphr.com/technology/1006457/bose-soundlink-revolve-review-brilliant-360-degree-audio-in-a-compact-package
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In all honesty 1bit even if I won £10 million on the  lottery , I would not buy such a car , it would look out of place in the local Aldi car park , as much as I would shopping at Fortnum & Masons ,  but might get me  a invite  to foxhills http://www.foxhills.co.uk/about-us  just 2 miles up the road  ,been told the food is better http://www.foxhills.co.uk/dine than at the local café  , but not the table conversation ,  >:D ,

what if it was given free and you werent allowed to sell it hehe  hire it out haha

like u see they are just a pretty tank
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Tech News & Reviews / Hackers 'could make car wash attack'
« Last post by 1bit on 29 July 2017, 12:21:10 »
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Researchers say they have found a way to hack an internet-enabled carwash and make it "attack" users.
They warned criminals could easily exploit the Laserwash car washes, making their doors close too early or their roller arms crush the tops of cars.
They also claimed the manufacturer PDQ ignored warnings about the risks for two years.
PDQ said it was urgently investigating the issues.
Laserwash installations can be remotely monitored and controlled by their owners via a web-based user interface.
Amazon's race to make Alexa smarter
How easy is it to hack a cash machine?
Could your 'smart' home be a weapon of web destruction?
However, in a presentation at the Black Hat conference in Las Vegas, Billy Rios of security firm Whitescope and Jonathan Butts from the International Federation for Information Processing showed how easily the system could be hijacked.
Firstly, they warned that Microsoft no longer supported the washers' Windows control systems, so hackers might be able to exploit hidden loopholes.
A laserwash car washImage copyrightYOUTUBE
Image caption
Researchers said they could make the car wash crush the tops of car roofs
More worryingly, they managed to hack into an actual carwash by using the default password "12345".
Once logged in they found they could control it in a dangerous way.
"We've written an exploit to cause a car wash system to physically attack; it will strike anyone in the car wash," Mr Rios said.
In their talk the pair showed how they would be able to close carwash doors on a car entering the washer.
They also showed how they could make the roller arms "come down much lower" and crush the roof of a car, provided there were no mechanical barriers in place.
The pair shared their findings with PDQ in February 2015, but the firm only replied to their emails this year.
In an email to The Register website, PDQ spokesman Todd Klitzke said the firm had alerted its customers.
"As we have advised, all systems - especially internet-connected ones - must be configured with security in mind.
"This includes ensuring that the systems are behind a network firewall, and ensuring that all default passwords have been changed."

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-40754403
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Tech News & Reviews / Police seize fake IT equipment worth up to £1m
« Last post by 1bit on 29 July 2017, 12:17:33 »
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Police have seized more than 1,000 counterfeit items of computer hardware, which could potentially have fetched almost £1m.

Following a tip-off from IT networking business Cisco, officers from the City of London Police's intellectual property crimes unit (PIPCU) found the dodgy equipment at an address in Herne Bay in Kent.

The total value of the items seized if sold individually at full list price could have been £996,000, although it is very rare for equipment to be sold like that and would more likely have netted the sellers £300,000.

Speaking to Sky News, PIPCU's Detective Sergeant Kevin Ives said: "Counterfeit goods, across the board, are very attractive to organised criminals.

"There's less risk in importing them than there is with drugs or firearms and the profit margins are very high.

"Especially in technology and hardware, the average person would find it very hard to know what was counterfeit and what wasn't."

The material had first been spotted as counterfeit by specialists from Cisco, who also attended the premises which were searched and pointed out what hardware was fake and what was legitimate.

Counterfeit materials are produced by criminals who are committed to fraudulently making money, the Detective Sergeant told Sky News.

While there is no evidence that the seized hardware had been maliciously tampered with to implant malware on victims' devices, its lower quality could have put consumers at risk.

PIPCU was founded in 2013, and is funded by the Intellectual Property Office rather than the Home Office, which funds the UK's other police forces.

An image of the equipment seized appears to show Small Form-factor Pluggable (SFP) transceivers, extremely expensive equipment which converts electrical signals to optical signals within communication networks.

Detective Sergeant Ives told Sky that the equipment could have been purchased by public sector bodies and - being of lower quality that official networking equipment - may have failed and disrupted their network.

"Without a doubt business customers would have believed these were genuine," he told Sky News.

http://news.sky.com/story/police-seize-fake-it-equipment-worth-up-to-1m-10965166
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Security / Review of 15 free anti-virus solutions
« Last post by 1bit on 29 July 2017, 12:15:12 »
http://www.av-comparatives.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/avc_free_2017_en.pdf

its seems to compare them to the paid versions - no king of the hill list :(
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